Phrasal verbs for English | Speak New York

Phrasal verbs are an essential component of the English language. They are formed by combining a verb with one or more particles or prepositions to create a unique meaning. These verbs are an important aspect of the English language and are commonly used in both spoken and written English. In this blog post, we will explore the different types of phrasal verbs, how they are used in English, and provide examples of some common phrasal verbs.

Types of Phrasal Verbs:

There are two types of phrasal verbs: separable and inseparable. Separable phrasal verbs are those where the verb and particle can be separated by the object of the sentence. For example, “I took off my shoes” is a separable phrasal verb because “off” can be separated from “took” and placed after the object, “my shoes”.

Inseparable phrasal verbs are those where the verb and particle cannot be separated by the object of the sentence. For example, “I looked up the meaning of the word” is an inseparable phrasal verb because “up” cannot be separated from “looked” and placed after the object, “the meaning of the word”.

Common Phrasal Verbs:

  1. Take off – to remove clothing or leave a place quickly Example: She took off her jacket and sat down.
  2. Bring up – to mention or introduce a topic in a conversation Example: He brought up the issue of funding during the meeting.
  3. Call off – to cancel something that was planned Example: The concert was called off due to bad weather.
  4. Get up – to wake up and leave your bed Example: I got up early this morning to go for a run.
  5. Look after – to take care of someone or something Example: She looked after her sick mother for several months.
  6. Put off – to postpone something Example: We decided to put off the meeting until next week.
  7. Set up – to establish or arrange something Example: They set up a new business together last year.
  8. Turn on – to start or activate something Example: She turned on the lights when she entered the room.
  9. Give up – to stop doing something or trying to achieve something Example: He gave up smoking last year.
  10. Figure out – to solve or understand something Example: It took me a while to figure out the answer to the problem.

How to Use Phrasal Verbs:

Phrasal verbs are commonly used in everyday English, and it is important to understand how to use them correctly. Here are some tips to help you use phrasal verbs effectively:

  1. Learn the meaning of the these verb as a whole, rather than the individual words that make it up. For example, “call off” means to cancel, not to call, and then off.
  2. Pay attention to the context in which the phrasal verb is being used. This can help you understand the intended meaning.
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  4. Use these verbs appropriately in your writing and speech. It is important to use them correctly to avoid confusion.
  5. Practice using these verbs in your everyday conversations. This will help you become more comfortable using them and improve your English language skills.

Common Mistakes with Phrasal Verbs:

There are some common mistakes that people make when using these verbs in English. Here are some examples:

  1. Using the wrong particle or preposition with the verb. For example, saying “give in” instead of “give up”.
  2. Using phrasal verbs inappropriately. For example, using a formal phrasal verb in a casual conversation.
  3. Using the wrong form of the phrasal verb for the tense of the sentence. For example, using “took off” instead of “taking off” in a present tense sentence.
  4. Separating inseparable phrasal verbs. For example, saying “looked the meaning up” instead of “looked up the meaning”.
  5. To avoid these common mistakes, it is important to practice using phrasal verbs correctly and to pay attention to the context and tense of the sentence.
  6. Phrasal Verbs in Different English Varieties:
  7. Phrasal verbs are used in different varieties of English, and sometimes they can have different meanings or be used differently depending on the variety of English being used.
  8. For example, in American English, the phrasal verb “take out” can mean to remove something, such as “take out the trash”, but it can also mean to go on a date with someone, such as “he took her out for dinner”. However, in British English, “take out” only means to remove something, and the phrase “go out with” is used instead of “take out” to mean going on a date with someone.
  9. In Australian English, the phrasal verb “hang on” is commonly used to mean “wait a moment”, whereas in American English, “hold on” is more commonly used for the same meaning.
  10. It is important to be aware of these differences when communicating with people from different English-speaking countries or regions.

Phrasal verbs are an essential component of the English language and are used in everyday speech and writing. They can be separable or inseparable and come in many different forms. Understanding how to use it correctly is important for effective communication in English. By learning common these verbs, avoiding common mistakes, and paying attention to the context and tense of the sentence, you can improve your English language skills and become more comfortable using these verbs in your everyday conversations.

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