Finding the right support
- What does good support do? Shows validity and provides details.
- Types of support: Facts, statistics, and testimony, metaphors, and analogies.
- Generally, aim for a diversity of support types.
Discussing your examples concretely and concisely
When discussing your support:
- Focus on the relevant details.
- Focus on clarity over comprehensiveness
- Help the audience craft a mental image.
Performing your key points
Don’t just march from the top of your outline to the bottom. Include repetition and amplification.
- State it: give us the claims
- Explain it: unpack the claim and prime us for the support
- Show it: explain the support and how it relates to the claim
- Conclude it: touch on the key claim again as a way of wrapping up.
Focus on the introduction’s functions.
- Open the speech
- Orient the audience
- Provide a preview
- Transitions demonstrate distinctness.
- Transitions orient the audience.
- Transitions provide a break.
- Many transitions are both performance and content. The audience should hear and feel a transition.
- Conclusions reinforce key points.
- Conclusions provide a sense of closure.
- Your final line should sound like a final line (usually, slower and more deliberate).
- Revise for fit between claims and support.
- Look for rearrangement opportunities.
- Try a couple of different models.
Speech practice and memory
- How exact the speech needs to be should affect how much you write.
- Reserve time for practicing. Aim for 3-7 run-throughs.
- Don’t aim for perfect memorization
- Practice the speech, but be sure to actually talk to the audience at the moment.